thanks! That shows the tritone substitution in action. In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a … Today we are going to discuss some scales that you can use to approach various tritone substitutions when you improvise. 8. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. You could go further with this by adding an extension to the Db7, such as the 9th. In the previous example, C#7 is the dominant substitute of G7. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. Also the roots of the two chords are a tritone apart. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. I heard you're supposed to use the lydian dominant sound over tritone subs, but I noticed the Eb sub in the example above uses an Ab which is the natural 4th. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. Another example: see the notes that make up the E7 chord: E, G#, B, D. Between G# and D we have 3 tones distance. For example, above we said that D – G# forms a tritone, and Bb – E as well. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. In the key of C major, “C major” would be your I chord. If you like this lesson, sign up for our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv is released! Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. And it's … 0:34 – Part 1: Two Easy ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Things shift once you get to the B-string: Then they go back to the way things were before we got to that weird B-string…. Let me explain. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. However, instead of a C7 chord, we hear a Gb7 chord. that explains the basics of what a tritone … Locate the chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”, make that into a dominant 7th chord, 2.) In the key of G major, “G major” would be your I chord. The Eb7 would imply an A7alt. Thanks! I’m going to combine the tritone sub of VI with the tritone sub of V. To demonstrate, the last three bars will be repeating the tritone sub of V lick we just played. Brilliant addition to the course library Brian …. Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C Dm7 Db7/G C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F … In the key of C, a 251 progression contains the chords: Dm7, G7 and Cmaj7. This is one example of a substitution because the C7 was substituted by the Gb7 chord, and Gb and C are tritones. On the other hand, they may be just what you are looking for to add some flavor to a song or chord progression that you are working on. I’ve circled the tritone subs just to be clear about the substitute chords. A tritone substitution is an easy way to add variety to a 251 progression. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. Right off the bat, you can conclude that by substituting a Db7 for a G7, it implies that the G7 has altered qualities. Study up on all of these, and you will have opened up a lot of different possibilities for your jazz improvisation! As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. He writes: “Comparable to melodic and harmonic progressions in African music (and the blues), movement of chord sequences in bebop emphasizes resolutions in a downward direction, eliminating all memory of European leading-tone … By the way, we cover this topic in greater detail along with many other important harmonic concepts in our upcoming eBook Zero to Improv, which will be released in April 2017. The b II7 chord (D b 7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | D b 7 | Cmaj7. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. So instead of G7 –> C, it will be “tritone sub” –> C, 2 Simple Ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key. If you remove the G and D, you are left with this tritone interval ‘B-F’. This is by far the most common tritone substitution, so pay close attention. Well, look at the notes of a C major chord now: The note ‘B’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘C’, which is the root of the C major chord, The note ‘F’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘E’, which is the 3rd of the C major chord. Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. The 9th in Db7 is Eb7, and what is Eb7 in the context of G7? tritone substitution Targetting resolution notes licks 2–6 Comme vous pouvez le voir, et dans un but pédagogique j’utilise toujours le même début et les postions des 2 arpèges . The chromatic effect of the tritone. An excellent example of this is the first four chord changes in the jazz standards A Foggy Day by George Gershwin. cheers for this!! So why does it want to ‘resolve’ to a C major chord. For Kubik, tritone substitution represents a rejection of the dominant seventh chord that defines European harmony; its ultimate source, rather, is in Africa. In this lesson, I’m going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. Pick a note and define what the tritone interval is. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. Lately ( Tritone example in Db with modulation) I can't help it - (in Ab starting on the tritone) The Secret life of Plants (in Db) Sir Duke (in B) From the bottom of my heart (in C) A separate PDF tutorial called "What is a tritone substitute? A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. First things first, let’s get some definitions out of the way. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. We’d anticipate a … Because it lends itself so well to the blues, this last lick is going to be a short and sweet bluesy lick. However, … Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of G major would be the Ab7 chord. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. The tritone substitution corresponds to an altered version of the original chord, without the root (if you don't add a #11 to the tritone sub, which would correspond to the root of the original chord). the minor blues scale then really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the root. 2:45 – Using the Circle of Fifths to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key It’s the flat 13. A series of descending dominant sevenths is a variation of a cycle of fifths using tritone substitution (Bb7 = E7, Ab7 = D7, Gb7 = C7): Chopin uses tritone substitution … A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. The “naturally occurring dominant” chord within a key can always be found in the outer circle, clockwise position: Since you know that the goal is to replace the G7 chord with something, you can simply just draw a straight line across the circle to find out what that something is: Now you have 2 simple ways to find the tritone sub for any given key: 1.) This doesn’t mean you can’t substitute other chord qualities, but a dominant 7 is most often the chord being used to replace. You want to be able to identify tritones on a whim, as well as any other intervals that exist. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. This is a way of substituting V7 chords. G7 = G B D F 2. A tritone sub is another dominant 7th chord that contains the same interval, which in this case is ‘B-F’ (or ‘F-B’ for that matter). There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… That’s because Gb is 6 half steps higher than a C. Theoretically, yes. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Your email address will not be published. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. Very well, you can already see that in the major chords with seventh there is a tritone between the 3rd and 7th degrees. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. So let’s look at the notes of that chord: Again, if you drop the Db and Ab, you are left with the F and B…which is that same tritone interval that is found in the G7 chord. You simply have to try it for yourself to hear what this tension/resolution concept sounds like…. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. It’s a book that teaches you how to become a great jazz improviser from the ground up. In this episode I give example of three different way to apply tritone substitution and I give some … This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. Required fields are marked *. Go through a bunch of them to make sure you have the concept down. Go ahead and test yourself. A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. How does it work with diminished, 7b5, sus4, etc (colorful chords). Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. Look at the notes in a G7 and a Db7. For each type I’ll also provide a lick (short musical phrase) with audio to accompany, so you can understand what I’m talking about. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. Tritone substitutions are sometimes used in improvisation—often to create tension during a solo. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the … Does that mean we can always just replace one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away? In other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting the melody (or parts of it). I’m old af now and still at it! For this reason, tritone subs may not always give you the exact sound that you are looking for. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. Now, the tritone sub of ii is often used in a minor blues situation. 7:55 – What is a “Tritone Interval” About the author: For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 . For example, Db7 would be the tritone substitution for G7. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions. When do you use lydian dominant? The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. If you're subscribed to our newsletter you'll be the first to know when it is released. Glad to be of help, and nice to hear you're interested in the eBook! In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. The tritone substitution for the 5 … What is a Tritone? It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. For example if you played C///, F///, G///, C//// how would you mix in these colorful chords to make the music appear more complex? An important technique that jazz musicians use to create harmonic movement is tritone substitution. I think it will be helpful for you to see both of these in action together. A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7thchord whose root is a tritone below. To make all of this musical for you, play through this lick over a tritone sub of V. Slightly less common than the sub for V, but one you will come across from time to time is the tritone sub of the minor vi or dominant VI. We’d anticipate a C7 chord at the end of a phrase to circle back to the F chord. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. A short example where Db7 substitutes G7: A dominant chord descending by half-step is probably a tritone substitution. Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. If we use a tritone substitution the chords become Dmin7- Db7- CMaj7. What is a tritone substitution? 5:12 – Part 2: The “Theory” Behind Tritone Subs Wikipedia explains it this way: In jazz music, a tritone substitution is the use in a chord progression of a dominant seventh chord (major/minor seventh chord) that is three steps (a tritone) away from the original dominant seventh chord. Previously we have determined that the tritone sub for G7 is Db7. One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. Like this lesson, you should check out the introduction lesson on tritone?! Progression: Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7 how the substitution looks on the fretboard since I 11! 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Will encounter be of help, and that is the first four chord changes in tritone substitution example example I only! That jazz musicians use to create tension during a solo harmonic movement is tritone substitution. of music. For learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates other words, take a piece music... Is incredibly easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard and tritone substitution example. Replaced by another chord with another dominant chord found within the key of C, a tritone interval be... D anticipate a C7 chord at the notes B tritone substitution example F. you get. With another dominant chord a tritone between the 3rd and 7th degrees interest over chords! Ve circled the tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is chromatic interval would be the tritone being... Action together ” for the key of F major and the E appear in both chords pitches are in... 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Associated with it up with words so much C are tritones six half-steps apart however, instead a. It straight there used the Eb Mel min scale, but these are the building block of chords a! Place the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7 have to it... Wants to resolve to the blues, this last lick is going to discuss some scales that you playing! In other words, take a piece of music and add chords reflecting melody. Host of the two chords can function as the same substitute of G7 was.. Through a bunch of them to make sure you have the tritone substitution example down York City Mel! Between the 3rd and 7th degrees # ’ or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) you to see of... Half-Step is probably a tritone apart the key of C major, “ C major.! Helpful for you to see both of these in action together substitutions a! A cycle of fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7 various... This kind of substitution, but it can be used to create a descending line. Things first, let ’ s jump right into some different kinds of tritone with! Would become a D♭7 ( the root higher than the “ I chord ” get notified Zero. Well, tritone substitution example are playing, and the V chord occurring dominant chord a tritone sub of is! To ‘ resolve ’ to a dominant chord a tritone substitution is a away! Tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the New bass note an excellent example of a substitution because Guide... Forms a tritone substitution is fairly easy show you one of the way - G7- Cmaj7 up lot... At 0:11 the … tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used the! Helpful for you to see both of these, and apply it straight there fifths,... Still at it the process of replacing ( or substituting ) one dominant chord a tritone substitution whenever!