(gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. . 3. (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. Reading rocks! The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. 1 Sailing is great fun. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. 62. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! → Clue. 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. His favorite hobby is cooking. I call that (good playing). Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. 5 Do you enjoy cooking? I find myself being unable to resist sweets. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. Cooking costs less than eating out. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. . Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. 64. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). The Gerund a summary. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. . Exercising keeps you healthy. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. → Clue. Reading rocks! 4 Smoking is bad for your health. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. The gerund as the subject. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. 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