As an Amazon Associate and Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs of maintaining this website. G7. How many minor 7 chords are there in a major key and which chords are they in terms of chord function? They want some predictability, mixed with some sense of originality, uniqueness, and surprise. 1 of 26. 2. The chord’s function determines its tendency to establish either motion or stability within a musical phrase, a song, or a larger composition. 2. 1. Instead of helping students understand how chords progress and why by using concepts like chord function, voice leading, and intervallic content, teachers will instruct students to play a single scale over several chords because they all “come from the same key.”. It is important to understand the modes and the mode / chord relationships. This step is one of the most important steps in grasping chord function. Chords built from harmonizing the major scale that contain the tritone interval have a tendency to want to be resolved. What if I substituted this chord for this chord? Technically the chart is built from 3 chart types. With use of other principles like borrowed chords or tritone substitution, basic concepts can become quite advanced very quickly. Remember, chord function in the context of a chord progression describes a whole lot more than what key a chord is in. The something could be a chord, a scale, a melody…. C. 1. 1 & 2 & 3 & [Verse 1] G D D7 G G7 Silent night! Chord function helps you with chord substitution. And then the 7th of G7 moves down by half-step to the 3rd of C major (E), while the 3rd of G7 carries over to become the 7th of C major (B). These substitutions explain why iii and vi minor 7 are commonly substituted (and sound like) the tonic I major 7 chord. Next we’ll take a look at the Dominant Family. The 7th degree gives this chord a good bit of instability. Things that you never have to think about again. Basic chord function does not encapsulate all of music theory. If you really have a clear understanding of the process behind defining a key center and creating chords that function within it, you can easily apply the same process to other keys and scales. What makes harmonic tension and resolution? The V chords contains the 5th, 7th, and 2nd degrees of the major scale, which means it contains one tonic chord tone (5th). The Code. 1 of 32. It means nothing if you can’t hear it. Use intervallic content, voice leading, chord families, and tension and resolution to better understand how each chord functions. A few functions that compare chords are chord_rank, chord_order and chord_sort. The way these chord tones move also define a specific interval over each chord. Assigning functions to different chords can make you feel like these are the rules and progressions should be written following these rules. And what chord in the ii V I precedes the dominant chord? This is a transitional chord, moving away from the tonal center. Chord Chart Output Data Table. Chord progressions don’t always have to stay in the same key. It’s quite common that the iii minor 7 or vi minor 7 chord is substituted for the I Major 7 chord. Mastering chord function within a major key is simple if you study the little details and ingrain them into your brain in a logical way. Chord Intervals Above the Root; Third Fifth Seventh + = Augmented Triad: Major: Augmented M = Major Triad: Major: Perfect m = minor Triad: Minor: Perfect d = Diminished Triad: Minor: Diminished M 7 +5 = Augmented-Major seventh chord (+M 7) Major: Augmented: Major: Mm 7 +5 = Augmented-minor seventh chord (+m 7) Major: Augmented: Minor: M 7 = Major-Major seventh chord (MM 7) Major: Perfect: Major Each chord as a source and a target. This worksheet has the functions where you can connect all the means of visually explain and demonstrate on how you can play each piece of guitar chords; it can enter all of the instructions on each chord with its multiple sheets and see the video to understand its way of playing. Nothing says you have to obey the ideas from music theory. Can you think of what primary chord in jazz might be in the Sub-dominant Family? But what other chord do you think is in the Dominant family? Within the Dominant Family, like the Tonic Family, it’s pretty easy to guess one of the chords that you’d expect to be in the family. And when using this “What if” mindset and experimenting, as the composer, if it sounds cool to me, I might go with it. Remember, these are guidelines and tools, not rules. Because of this, we often describe these chords as more “colorful“ compared to more basic jazz guitar chords.. Because we don’t have 10 fingers to play chords as a pianist would do, guitarists have to leave some notes out when adding extended notes to their chord shapes. Understanding the how and why behind chord function will allow you to learn and conceptualize jazz standards more easily, transcribe jazz solos more effectively, and compose more creatively. There are two points for each line within the circle to draw the curves. Many, many songs break these rules. You can “know” the chords to a jazz standard or a common progression like a ii V I, but do you actually know how they sound? Other chords that have this function include the III- chord and the VI- chord. First off, they’re not rules, they’re tools. Think about how the composer might have come up with these chords. But did you know that it's possible to transform these chords into great sounding melodies and basslines easily? There is only 1 half diminished 7 chord in each major key: Understand the purpose of each chord and why the composer or performer decided to use each chord where they did, Anticipate where chords might go when listening or transcribing. Knowing this, if you had to guess what other chords besides the tonic that would be in the Tonic Family, what would you guess? Why do specific chords have a natural tendency to push toward other chords? 3. By classifying the diatonic chords into the 3 chord families, you can see how closely related certain chords are. For instance a guitar player might be teaching his band a new song and will yell out “play a 1, 4, 5, 4 in the key of C”. Pull it apart. key center , intermediate , chord progressions , major key. This knowledge allows you to anticipate where chords usually go, and if they don’t, to have a frame of reference to compare to. C7b5 The minor 7 flat 5 is an amazing choice to accompany other Bossa Nova guitar chords because it transitions nicely, provided you put the right chord in front of it. Let’s take the first 8 bars of All The Things You Are to get an idea of how music theory might guide us toward composing these original chord changes by using the “What if” mindset…. Many texts on music theory enumerate three harmonic functions. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. All is calm all is bright C G C G Round yon virgin mother and child Holy infant so tender and mild D D7 G Em G D G Sleep in heavenly peace! D. 2. In this lesson, we’ll go chord by chord in the key of G major and examine the make up of each chord and how its function is determined. The vii chord is a very unstable chord. Now, what other chord overlaps with the ii minor 7 chord and precedes the V7 chord in most pop music progressions, although most of the time without the major 7? Feed it with your chords, tweak one of the generator presets to your liking, reap the rewards. [Features] • Automatic chord analysis using music files • You can instantly know the chords of songs that have been arranged unlike the score or latest songs that have no score. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Each chord is a specific sound with many harmonic and melodic possibilities. As you learn more and more tunes, you’ll realize sometimes chords go from Tonic Family chords straight to Dominant, or sometimes they go from Dominant Family chords to Sub-Dominant. But instead, think of each concept as a tool to better hear, play, and compose with, connected to the way you hear and improvise…tools you can choose to use, not use, or to change or extend in your own way…. Use the same thinking as before. With all the tunes you’re working on, sit at the piano and play through the tune with 2 or 3-note piano voicings, and pay careful attention to the voice leading from one chord tone to the next. 2. Chords within a given key have a function, or role they play within the key. All notes in the chord must exist in the parallel key to qualify. Each one of the chords that we built within C major contain different intervalic content which results in a varying amount of aural stability or instability within each chord structure. They’re not the Laws of Physics. Questions like, how do you build chords within a key? I’ve created a PDF of tons of voicings that we use Por Medio and Por Arriba and I’ve labeled each chord/voicing first by it’s function, and then by the name a jazz guitarist might give the chord. Both of these chords share a lot of the notes of the I chord. I’m sure you’ve heard people say, “The 3rd and the 7th are the most important notes of a chord,” and they’re right when it comes to harmony. So if you’ve ever wondered why a dominant chord or a half diminished chord just feels like it wants to move, that’s why. We’ve written the qualities out for sake of clarity. Its function is tonic, usually called THE tonic. The website cannot function properly without these cookies. Chord see borrowed chord chart Any chromatic triad or seventh chord that is “borrowed” from the parallel minor (or the parallel major if the original key is minor). What if I resolved the V7 chord to this chord instead? By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. 7) Press the [SYNC START] button to turn Synchro Start on. Chords that share almost the same intervallic content and chord tones can usually be substituted for one another. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. With any jazz standard that you want to learn, aim to get a step beyond analysis. Always thinking “what if” is the key to the composer’s mindset and getting beyond the standard guidelines of jazz theory, because that’s actually what they are. Here are the answers to the questions from above: Before you move on, look over these answers again and really get them in your head. Make sure you observe these CRUCIAL details we’re about to talk about that many people never see or hear. Things don’t just sound a certain way…they sound a certain way because of the intervallic content within the structure. To configure the connection to our database, we need to specify the database type and name. Chord function helps you memorize jazz standards and play them in all keys. For information about our privacy practices, please see our privacy policy. To discover these details, can you tell me the answers to the following 5 questions WITHOUT looking at any of the diagrams in this lesson or a piano? Holy night! The IV chord is comprised of the 4th, 6th, and 1st intervals of the major scale. Chords. Always ask yourself if there are any spots in a tune where you technically know the chords but you don’t know how the chords are functioning or why the composer or performer might have used each of these chords. Each of these functions can in principle be fulfilled by three chords: not only the main chord corresponding to the function, but also the chords a third lower or a … It’s composed of the 7th, 2nd, and 4th degrees of the major scale, so it doesn’t contain any tonic chord tones. While chord function is a tricky concept to grasp, working through an example one step at a time makes it easily understood and teaches you the process behind defining chord function. They all differ in name but the chord function is always the same. 3. Just the mere idea of music theory can take what should be very useful tools and turn them into something no real player could ever use. To begin, here are the 3 chord families: The names of these chord families give you a clue to exactly what types of chords should be in each family. Learning chords by chord name is only useful in one key, but knowing how each chord functions within the key and how it moves to other “keys of the moment” will allow you to play the tune in all keys. Im 12.2 - Chord Functions . 1 of 17. Just as you’d expect the tonic chord to be in the Tonic Family, you’d expect the V7 dominant chord to be in the Dominant Family, which it is. In the first 8 bars of All the Things You Are, the chords themselves are fairly straightforward, but when you put them together in a chord progression, it can seem like these chords are all over the place. In this case, it’s the B and D notes. But, on the other side of the coin, don’t get obsessed with needing a complete theoretical explanation for everything. Tonic function (abbreviated “ton.”): The \(\left.\text{I}\right.\) chord has tonic function, which is a state of stability and rest. Check out the chord chart below! This site contains affiliate links. This data is randomly generated by the script. By combining your knowledge of chord function with the composer’s mindset of “What If,” you can set up predictability and surprise. Tonic – stable, the tonal center, the resting point of a chord progression; Subdominant – these chords tend to move away from the tonal center, transitioning to the dominant function; Dominant – tension, these chords are the most unstable, need to resolve You may have noticed I put the chord number in parentheses. Typically, Roman numerals are used to indicate position of a chord within a key and capitalized numerals represent “major,’” while lower case represents minor. Chords with Extensions. Do not wander the Internet looking for chord scores anymore. Internalizing them will help you understand chords, chord progressions, and chord function within a major key much better. By trying things out and experimenting using the “What if” mode of thought combined with your knowledge of chord function, you can discover unique progressions that sound interesting or go behind the scenes of how a composer of a tune you’re working on might be thinking. Whether you’re just learning how to improvise or if you’ve been playing jazz for a long time, chord function can still be one of those things that doesn’t quite make sense because it’s a very deep topic. Most importantly, focus on sound and creating what you consider beautiful music! Accordion bass charts are in “mirror view” and keyboard charts are in a vertical perspective to imitate an accordionist point of view. Treat chord functions more as a tendency than a hard, fast rule. How many dominant 7 chords are there in a major key and which chords are they in terms of chord function? It’s this curious attitude that will give you a deep understanding of the tune. 2. One of the primary things people forget about chords within a key center is that each chord has a purpose. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. If you are already comfortable with Roman numerals, you can generally … Copyright © 2020 - - All rights reserved.Privacy & Terms of Use | Sitemap | Contact. It’s everywhere. It’s pretty interesting just to note that it’s the same underlying formula, but used to arrive at a new key center, or what I like to think of as a “key of the moment.”. Also, the tonic of this chord is the 7th degree, which as we saw with the V chord, acts as a leading tone back to the I. Chord functions are summarized in the table below: Understanding chord function can help you mold a progression and apply chords in a meaningful way. The specific way the tension is set up and resolved comes from the idea of “voice leading” which we’ll explore more later. Chord families are groups of chords that share the same function. With these tools at your disposal, you’re much better equipped to learn tunes faster, understand chord progressions on a deeper level, and compose the music you’ve always wanted to. The two tonic tones give this chord a good bit of stability. There are only 4 qualities of seventh chords found in a major key: There are 2 major 7 chords in a major key, There are 3 minor 7 chords in a major key, There is only 1 dominant 7 chord in each major key. Chord function is closely related to voice leading because in general, chords function in a way that create smooth voice leading, and by “smooth” we mean the chord tones that create the intervallic content that we hear as tension (or “voices” if you think of each of the 4 notes in a chord as a voice: soprano, alto, tenor, and bass) tend to transition from one chord to the next using minimum motion, usually half-steps or whole steps. A pie chart is used to add data labels, a doughnut ring to create the circle with the colors and xy scatter with smoothed line to draw the from-to chord lines in the inner part. The diagram above lists all the notes of the key of G major. As you can see, the Tonic Family consists of the tonic, the iii minor 7, and Vi minor 7 chords. Learning chords by chord name is only useful in one key, but knowing how each chord functions within the key and how it moves to other “keys of the moment” will allow you to play the tune in all keys. Make sure to focus on the process used in the example and not just the specifics used in the example. But the “rules” of music theory never limited these composers because they were always thinking to themselves these 2 magic little words…. This skill is extremely useful. Then, deliberately go against, modify, or change how typical chord function might go. Use the following commands to download it and import it into the ecomdatabase. These are just tendencies of how chords within a major key move…. Chord function helps you memorize jazz standards and play them in all keys. To see and hear how the voices of one chord progress to the next, simplify the chords by focusing only on the 3rds and 7ths: See how the 7th of the D minor chord (C) moves down a half step to the 3rd of G7 (B) while the 3rd of D minor (F) carries over and becomes the 7th of G7? Chord function in a major key describes how we tend to hear the tension and resolution of the chord structures built on a major scale. In most cases it can be regarded as part of : a major key: IIm7 - V7 - IΔ or (less common) a minor key: IIø - V7 - Im7 Take this approach even when the chord is quite isolated. This doesn’t mean we have to stick to the way chords tend to move. There’s so much from music theory that can make you a better musician. Although the idea of chord function is simple in theory, as you’ll soon see, there’s a lot to it. This leading tone gives the V chord a dominant function. This bossa features a Dm7b5 that leads to a G7 chord, which eventually resolves to a Cm7. It is the tone in which the chord progression or melody centers around. Your goal is to better hear, conceptualize, remember, and understand chord progressions so they are easy to both think about and play over. In Diether de la Motte's version of the theory, the three tonal functions are denoted by the letters T, D and S, for Tonic, Dominant and Subdominant respectively; the letters are uppercase for functions in major (T, D, S), lowercase for functions in minor (t, d, s). This chord doesn’t contain any notes from the I chord. How many half diminished 7 chords are there in a major key and which chords are they in terms of chord function? Chord diagram is probably one of the most difficult graph to build with d3. We’re free to compose or think about chords moving in any way, the sound being the most important. Take your time…. Let’s take a look at which chords are in which family and why…. The add9 chord is a major chord with the ninth tone in the scale added and is a so-called added tone chord, more commonly referred to as a add chord.If we take the C major chord as an example, it consists of C, E and G. If we add a D we have a Cadd9 chord with the notes C, E, G and D. chart_bar Use the chart_bar function to draw a two dimensional bar representation of data over x and y axis. Extended chords use intervals outside of the root, 3rd, 5th, and 7th in their construction. Chord function gives you mental and aural anticipation. No longer think of it as disconnected rules that govern how music works. Altered 9ths, 11ths and 5ths are not common in pop music. 3. For example, listen to the G major scale that stops on the 7th. Notice the overlap between the dominant and half diminished chord and how both contain a tritone. Although, most of the time, they’re referring to melody, which actually depends not just on the 3rd and 7th, although they’re incredibly important, but your knowledge of ALL chord tones (and non-chord tones) in a chord and how they relate to the underlying chord voicing and to each other. For an example of smooth voice leading within a common chord progression, let’s look at the voice leading of the 3rd and 7th within a ii V I. It’s a must no matter what instrument you play or what styles of music you’re involved in. The output is an array of chords. Think about it. Just select the root and find the chord you are searching for or click on the category list on the right sidebar. Harmonic function refers to the tendency of certain chords to progress to other chords, or to remain at rest. Using the chart above, we can find the seven chords diatonic to D Major. And second off, it’s how you deliberately choose to use, change, modify, and extend these so-called rules that matters. Intervallic content is just a fancy way of saying, the intervals contained within something. Knowing these chord families and their names can help you understand quite a few things…. I see it all the time and grew up with it. • The root of a chord shown at the bottom left of the display during Song recording may be different when the recorded Song is played back. Check out Building Chords from the Major Scale if you’re not sure how to harmonize the major scale. Click the lovely button below to get started. Ranking chords, and the ordering and sorting based on that, requires a definition or set of definitions to work from. Let’s look at how this idea of using theory both predictably and unpredictably in All The Things You Are creates a unique composition. Add9 chords. The most important role in any key is the I chord. There’s nothing wrong with this and the way we hear or think through chords can vary greatly from person to person. You should not have to look at a diagram, the piano, or even pause to know the answers. In jazz standards, chords are not random. The main function chords (I, IV and V) are called strong chords; chords II and VII (which are substitutes for IV and V, respectively) are called medium-strong; and the remaining chords of tonic function (III and VI) are called weak. Along the diagonal, we see values that stayed in a single state. In future lessons will go through the process and details of harmonizing a minor scale, using borrowed chords, and a whole lot more! Secondary Dominant: I – V/ii – ii – V – I . Because any chord within the same chord family can be substituted for another chord within that family. However, it’s important to keep in mind that in music theory, the music came first and the theory second. It’s also directly “under” the Dominant (IV is right under V) and “sub” can be thought of as “under.”. In order to build the chords of the G major key, you first need to start with the G major scale. 1. Comprehensive tabs archive with over 1,100,000 tabs! ; chart_bubble Use the chart_bubble function to present a comparative representation of values as bubbles with varying radius. But, in jazz, no one would ever play the chords this way because jumping from chord to chord like that does not only sound bad, it doesn’t aurally describe the voice leading from one chord tone in the first chord, to another chord tone in the next chord. What begins as a perfect 5th on D minor, becomes a tritone on G7, and then transforms into a perfect 5th again on C major. These are the only chords from harmonizing a major scale that contain a tritone because all of other chords are either major or minor 7 chords. There are only two chords that we built that contain the interval of a tritone: On the V7 dominant, the tritone interval occurs between the 3rd and 7th, and on the Vii half diminished, the tritone interval occurs between the root and the 5th of the chord. The I chord is the key, the tonal center. The answers to these questions are things you want to know right away. A chord's function is basically the role it plays within the key. And each of these functions tend to participate in certain kinds of chord progressions more than others. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson updates! I agree to receive emails from Applied Guitar Theory. This process in major is where ii V I progressions and many of our essential chord progressions come from. Always be aware of these substitutions, that they can occur in the jazz standards you’re learning, used as a tool of composition, or employed by the chording instrument in your band. Chords that have similar function can substitute for each other. What starts out as a simple way to build and define chords within a key, quickly bubbles out into something that overlaps with many of the fundamental concepts at the very heart of music. Neapolitan 6th Chord N 6 A major triad in first inversion with a lowered 2 nd scale degree as its root. They can also exist all on their own, moving the harmony away from any sense of a tonal center. Chord function is a great tool to have at your disposal, but like any music theory tool, there are things to watch out for that can hurt your musicianship if you’re not careful. This means the iii chord contains two notes from the I chord (3rd & 5th). Chords that function as a B FLAT. These 2 chords are the only chords within a major key that contain a tritone interval. When we speak of substitute degrees, we are saying that we can exchange chords that have the same harmonic function. The more unstable the chord the more it “wants” to resolve to another chord, whereas the more stable a chord is, the more our ear is just fine with sitting on it all day. One of the most unstable intervals within a diatonic context is the tritone. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. In the Cube.js project folder, replace the contents of the .env file with the following: Now, start the development server and open the l… Do NOT use chord function to memorize chords from a lead sheet without learning the SOUNDS of each chord and the total progression. Another important point you can learn from chord families is how diatonic chords can be substituted for one another. 1 of 41. You’re probably familiar with these chords and they probably make sense to you, but have you ever thought about how the composer came up with these chords, or why each chord is there in the chord progression? Memorize the 7 guidelines for understanding tensions from above. 2. Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here. The vi chord contains two tonic chord tones, the 1st and 3rd, and also the 6th degree. D7. Not all chords in a jazz chord progression have to serve a specific function within a key, Being human, we want everything to fit into our nice little theoretical box, but sometimes when working on tricky tunes, like Wayne Shorter tunes for instance, it’s difficult to hear or to determine what the composer was actually thinking in terms of chord function. In doing so, you’ll improve your composition skills, and you’ll discover what makes a specific tune special in its own way, making it easier to learn, recall, and improvise over. 3. Above each note is a Roman numeral. What if I went here instead of the obvious place? The progression we’re talking about is the ever-so-present, ii V7 I chord progression. The iii chord contains the 3rd, 5th, and 7th degrees of the major scale. Of course you’ll find chords in progressions that don’t obey these movement patterns, but by understanding how chords use this idea of chord families, you’ll get an idea of how composers move between tension and resolution, even if they’re not using these precise methods. Much better, as well as the amount of tension within each chord in the chord symbols to! Continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with.... ), `` mean '', or `` max '' to inspire and... Chord must exist in the dominant chords these 2 magic little words…, guitar and. Ii V I precedes the dominant family to compose or think about music theory, the piano or... Tonal center accordionist point of view can tell from today ’ s not explained chord! Iii- chord and how both contain a tritone sound not so good 6th of. You hear and understand the many possible variations site updates experience on our website memorize chords from major. And each of these chords feel the tension and resolution to better understand how each chord is in share chord... Functions has their own characteristic tendencies G7 chord, a scale, a melody… major, IMaj7 is ever-so-present. Common with the music came first and the ordering and sorting based that. The example the tonal center is to eliminate the need to specify the database type name! Just because it ’ s nothing wrong with this and the vi chord the! “ tonic family share similar intervalic content and chord tones, the tonic area chords! Will assume that you want to learn, aim to get the sounds of each chord in jazz, chords. By clicking below to subscribe, you ’ re looking specifically at G major scale,..., it ’ s now take a look at each chord was selected by the composer to move cut... The vi chord contains the 3rd, and 7th degrees of the.! Is that each chord is comprised of the guidelines helps you hear and understand the possible. Diatonic scale and 1st intervals of the 1st tension and need to be resolved, tonic sound, the... Ideas and get the sounds in your ear is the I chord off, they ’ re tools 3. Referred to as a leading tone standards and play with instruments such as guitar and.! Expand your knowledge of the tonic family consists of the key that have the same harmonic function work.... Progress to other chords from music theory can sometimes be difficult or confusing actually. What sounds good to your liking, reap the rewards, 5th, and 7th degrees of the scale... People forget about chords moving in any key is the most important steps in chord... Piano voicings to get the ball rolling the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 7th degrees of guidelines... Or vi minor 7 chords are they in terms of chord function within a key! The basics of how chords within a musical structure create the aural characteristics that we hear scale degree its! Points for each line within the circle to draw the curves there in a key... That compare chords are found in a vertical perspective to imitate an accordionist point view. Each of these functions tend to participate in certain kinds of chord function outside of the generator to! To Mailchimp for processing clicking the link in the time and grew up these! Qualities out for sake of clarity share three chord tones, the intervals contained a! All differ in name but the “ rules ” of music theory enumerate three harmonic functions function might.... Standards were masters of chord progressions more than others chart_bar function to draw a two dimensional bar representation values!, 11ths and 5ths are not common in pop music used in the of. Chord chart in the example and not just the specifics used in the V. Way, the piano, or role they play within the key that contain a tritone rights reserved.Privacy terms... Many harmonic and melodic possibilities and resolution to better understand how each chord belongs to need to the! But what other chord do you think of what primary chord in the Smart chord chart in the same family... Jazz standards were masters of chord function and what chord from the key of G major in this,! Difficult or confusing to actually use or apply in real situations common that the iii minor 7 share... Three harmonic functions chart_bar function to present a comparative representation of values bubbles! Happy with it not have to stick to the one functions to different chords can vary greatly from person person. And also the 6th degree imitate an accordionist point of view to resolve back to one! Source for chords, lowercase represent minor chords I substituted this chord re tools quite a things…. Ultimately, what sounds good to your ear is the defining sound of key... Key a chord, moving the harmony away chord functions chart any sense of a center!

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